Paganini, Niccolo

(1782–1840)
   Born in Genoa (Genova), Paganini was a violin virtuoso who became famous across Europe for the passion and the skill of his playing, which was so striking that it was rumored to be the result of a pact with the devil. His technical genius transformed the development of the instrument, and his artistic impact on such important composers as Brahms, Liszt, Chopin, and Berlioz is well-documented. His own compositions were far from negligible: The most admired are the 24 Caprices for violin and guitar and, especially, his second violin concerto. Paganini was also a guitar virtuoso and was one of the first musicians to compose for this instrument. The culmination of Paganini’s career was his series of concerts at the imperial court in Vienna (1828) and his tours of London and Paris (1831–1834).
   The quintessential romantic artist, Paganini had a turbulent private life, enjoying numerous affairs with aristocratic patronesses and spending a fortune on prostitutes and gambling. His frenetic life worsened the throat cancer that brought about his death in Nice in 1840. Paganini’s name is venerated in Genoa, where each year since 1954 an international violin prize, the “Premio Paganini,” has been awarded. The winner is permitted to play the “cannon,” Paganini’s personal violin, which was made in 1743.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Paganini, Niccolò — Pa·ga·ni·ni (păg ə nēʹnē, pä gä ), Niccolò. 1782 1840. Italian violinist and composer whose works include six violin concertos and many other virtuoso violin pieces. * * * born Oct. 27, 1782, Genoa, Republic of Genoa died May 27, 1840, Nice,… …   Universalium

  • Paganini, Niccolò — (27 oct. 1782, Génova, República de Génova–27 may. 1840, Niza, Francia). Violinista y compositor italiano. Niño prodigio, a los 9 años de edad se integró a una orquesta. Viajó por Italia (1810–28), y fue reconocido como el más grande virtuoso del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paganini, Niccolò —  (1782–1840) Italian violin virtuoso and composer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Niccolò Paganini — Niccolò Paganini, as painted by John Whittle in 1836. Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (27 October 1782 – 27 May 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was one of the most celebrated violin virtuosi of his time, and …   Wikipedia

  • Niccolò Paganini — Naissance 27 octobre 1782 Gênes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Niccolo Paganini — Niccolò Paganini Niccolò Paganini Naissance 27 octobre 1782 Gênes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paganini — Niccolò Paganini Niccolò Paganini Naissance 27 octobre 1782 Gênes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Niccolò Paganini — Niccoló Paganini Nacimiento 27 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Niccolo — Niccolò ist der Vorname von Niccolò Alberti OP, auch Albertini, Aubertini (* 1250; † 1321), Kardinal der Katholischen Kirche Niccolò Alunno auch Niccolò di Liberatore di Giacomo di Mariano (* 1425/30; † 1502), italienischer Maler Niccolò Canepa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PAGANINI (N.) — PAGANINI NICCOLÒ (1782 1840) Violoniste et compositeur italien, né à Gênes et mort à Nice, Niccolò Paganini personnifia au violon le type du virtuose romantique aux prouesses inimaginables et à l’existence plus ou moins entourée de légende. Il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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